Trebinje is the southernmost city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It boasts to have 260 sunny days per year. With its mild Mediterranean climate, the crystal-clear Trebišnjica River, and unique architecture, it ranks among the most beautiful towns in Herzegovina. Trebinje is located under Leotar Mountain, 28 kilometers from the famous city of Dubrovnik. Dubrovnik’s influence – its architects were very involved in its construction – is felt and seen throughout town.

Trebinje has a rich history. It was first mentioned in the 10th century under the name of Tribunia. In the middle ages, during the Byzantine era, Trebinje’s development began. Most of the city, though, was constructed during the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian period. Mehmed Paša Sokolović built the beautiful Arslanagića Bridge in 16th century. Today this bridge is a candidate for UNESCO’s list of protected monuments. With the arrival of the Austro-Hungarians in 1877, many government buildings, hospitals, and schools were built. The old Austrian military barracks in the Old Town serve as the Museum of Herzegovina. Sitting high above the city, Crkvina Hill has a new Orthodox church with some of the best views of Trebinje.

One of the most charming market places in all of BiH is Trebinje’s central square. Every Saturday the square is packed with local vendors from the surrounding area selling the finest domestic cheeses, wines, spirits, fruits and veggies. Superb quality honey production has become a trademark of the Trebinje region as well. Not far from there is the main park, dedicated to Jovan Ducic. It is urban Trebinje’s largest green space and is dotted with various monuments of the town’s famous people and events. A tribute to Trebinje’s rich cultural heritage, the town centre boasts an Orthodox cathedral, Franciscan church and a mosque.

North of Trebinje is the vast and incredibly fertile Popovo Polje. In its northern part, near the town of Ravno, are the Vjetrenica Caves. The Vjetrenica Cave system has more than 6,300 meters of underground canals and 200 different animal species. It is purported that it is the most biologically diverse cave system on earth. Very near the cave entrance is the Zavala Monastery. This quaint Orthodox monastery has an impressive collection of faded frescoes.

To the east of Trebinje is the stunning Lastva Lake area, ideal for kayaking or canoeing. Towards the southern border with Croatia is Petrovo Polje, home to a cluster of old world villages and one of Hercegovina’s few remaining female Orthodox Monasteries. The monastery of Duzi is believed to be one of the most beautiful and authentic looking old world Orthodox Monasteries in the country.

Herzegovina, and the Trebinje area especially, were always known for its wines. The winemaking tradition dates back to Roman times. Old Roman wine barrels were recently excavated in the Trebinje region. The Žilavka wine variety – from the nearby Lastva – was served at the Hapsburg court. Today, there are countless cellars in and around Trebinje open for wine tasting.